Restricting Access to Websites and Directories with WampDeveloper
Access is granted/restricted to websites via...
- WampDeveloper - the website's .htaccess file (default is to allow all).
- Windows - Windows firewall rules (default is to block incoming port 80 requests).
- Router - Router "port forward" settings (to route requests coming in, you must log in and set up "port forward" of WAN:80 to LAN:80 of server IP).
This how-to is for #1.
You can restrict access to any website by editing the website's .htaccess file (WampDeveloper's Websites Tab, select website, click ".htaccess" button), which is located in the website's DocumentRoot (webroot) folder.
Adding the following lines will only allow access to the website when the request is coming from the local system or the local network:
order deny,allow deny from all allow from 127.0.0.1 allow from 192.168
These lines will:
- Set up the order: process all "deny" lines first, then "allow" lines afterwards.
- Deny all IPs by default.
- Allow access from local system.
- Allow access from anyone who is coming from the typical local LAN network range: 192.186.*.*
Make sure to save this file after making changes.
You can also restrict access to only a specific directory (and all it's sub-directories) under a website (rather than to the entire website) by creating an '.htaccess' file in that specific directory.
Windows will not allow you to create a file starting with a "." via a folder right click > New > Text Document. You'll need to first create an "htaccess.txt" text file, edit it with Notepad, and then select 'Save As', 'Save as type: All Files', File name: .htaccess
You do not need to restart Apache after making changes to .htaccess files. These files will be re-read on every request received.